The Village of Cardinal municipal water intake is located 55 meters south west of the water treatment plant, approximately 43 meters from the edge of the St. Lawrence River. Raw water is drawn from approximately 5.2 m off the river bottom. The Cardinal Water Treatment Plant is operated by the Township of Edwardsburgh/Cardinal. The Cardinal municipal drinking water system services approximately 1,650 residents.
The vulnerability score is a representative measure of the drinking water source's susceptibility to contamination due to the nearby physical landscape (ratio of land to water in the area, land cover, soil type, and hydrological and hydrogeological conditions in the area) and the physical conditions at the intake (depth of the intake, distance from land, past drinking water issues).
Higher values indicate a higher level of concern for contamination. Intake Protection Zones (IPZs) are the areas where policies may apply to protect drinking water sources. IPZ-1 is the zone immediately near the intake. IPZ-2 is an area based on the response time required to react to a reported spill.
Source Protection Policies
The following activities if occurring in a vulnerable area near the drinking water source could be a significant drinking water threat*:
- Application of Septage
- Sewage Works
- Agricultural Activities
* Please consult the Source Protection Authority or the Risk Management Official to determine the exact circumstances, and locations where source protection policies apply near this drinking water source.